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the Collecting

  • Than only people do not take a great interest! Philatelists with impatience wait for an exit of a new stamp. Numismatists collect coins, phillumenists - match labels, filokartisty - post cards. There are also collectors of reproductions, autographs of visible statesmen, actors, writers, scientific.

    In Norilsk there is a unique meeting in which except 70 thousand reproductions, there are 2400 original products of the Soviet and foreign artists and 3 thousand books on the art, published in 25 countries. The author of a collection - the owner of richest Leniniany which consists of two thousand reproductions of pictures and the drawings representing Vladimir Ilicha Lenin, 400 original products of a drawing, painting, more than 100 thousand stamps, 40 anniversary medals, 38 © books and brochures about Lenin, Vladimir Ilicha Lenin's works in many languages.

    In Leningrad there is a collection in which everything is collected that concerns chess. The game complete set of XVI century which belonged dumnomu to the boyar, prison chess from a grain crumb, front of vintovochnyh sleeves and blockade of a cardboard. Chessboards from the Ural stones, Japanese from nacre, Ethiopian from an ivory.

    Round and quadrangular, copper, silver and even porcelain, weighty and thin as a paper, - what only coins you will not see in a collection collected by the sea captain from Vladivostok. Is in its meeting of a coin with the accurate image, is also such which drawing is erased by time. The English-sakskaja coin which has been rapped out in XIV century is curious Is unique hereditary "-рЁтш= эър" let out in XVI item in Narva Swedes. But the most interesting in this meeting - a collection of Russian bank notes: coins of free Novgorod and Pskov, the anniversary roubles which have been let out at various times, the coins going at Boris Godunov and Ivan III, Petrovsky three-copecks pieces and polushki. Except three and a half thousand coins, in a collection of the seaman there is a set of bank notes of the different countries of the world. The money printed on a special fabric is very interesting.

    Collecting of stamps - philately - one of the most widespread kinds of a collecting. In it take a great interest not only children, but also adults. And it is not casual. As a rule, release of each mark or a series of marks happens is dated for this or that event in a country life, to an anniversary. Each mark is the tiny, artly executed poster marking victories and achievements of the people, various historical events, zapechatljajushchy images of outstanding politicians, scientific, writers, artists, architects. In marks the country life is reflected. To collect marks it is possible chronologically, i.e. As sequence of their release, or on themes. In separate themes of mark it is necessary to arrange chronologically.

    By whatever principle the collection was made, it will have cultural and informative tsennoet only in the event that the collection regularly replenishes, and marks are processed and stored with observance of the conditions standard in philately.

    Marks are recommended to be pasted in an album or the writing-books having rigid cover. If marks are got by separate copies, instead of the whole series, it is better to paste them in an album after all marks necessary for a full series are picked up. For this purpose to hold incomplete releases it is more convenient in so-called klasserah - albums with cardboard leaves on which strips of cellophane for zakladyvanija marks are strengthened.

    Before to place mark (especially slaked) in an album or klasser, it should be washed preliminary, and then to straighten and dry up. Washing the cancelled stamp, it is not necessary to rub a finger its turnaround party as it is possible to spoil it. At washing up of cancelled stamps it is necessary to track, that on the envelope rests there were no traces of ink by which the address has been written - ink can fade and, having painted a mark background, to deform its initial tone. If the mark is pasted on an envelope of bright colour to wash it it is necessary in cold water that the envelope paint has not faded. Such mark is better for washing separately. It is even better to unstick mark from an envelope over steam and already then it to wash. The washed mark should be put on a blotting paper, carefully to straighten all zubchiki and to dry other sheet of a blotting paper. Then it is necessary to place it between two sheets of a pure white paper, to cover with a piece of a cardboard and to put from above two-three books as an easy press.

    Outstanding marks in no event cannot be lowered in water: by philately rules, they should be necessarily with glue on the back. If such mark was rumpled, it is necessary to put it for some days under a press, for example, in the thick book between white paper sheets.

    To Paste marks in an album closely, all surface does not follow. Mark should be attached to album sheet so that it it was possible to raise, look a watermark at light, to check up zubtsovku. For a label of marks it is necessary to use strips of a paper in width about 1 and in the length 2 see

    At marks with zubtsovkoj all zubchiki and corners should be perfectly safe. At separation of their marks it is necessary to bend some times at first in the area of punching (zubtsovki) then they will easily come off, - and zubchiki will remain.

    To see more clearly watermarks, it is necessary to put mark a face sheet downwards on a glass saucer, under its bottom to place a black paper, then to pour in a saucer of a few water. Watermarks will appear very distinctly. Outstanding marks should be looked through in a dry kind on light as from water gummirovka spoils.

    Often marks of the same drawing differ from each other quantity of a teeth. It can be defined under the special tablet - zubtsemeru. To count up a teeth without zubtsemera it is possible through a magnifier, but it difficultly enough and can lead to an error. Anyway it is necessary to mean that designated in the catalogue of a teeth eeth means quantity zubchikov not on all length of mark, and the piece in 2 is see by Bezzubtsovye of mark it is impossible to cut.

    The Album with marks should be preserved against dampness and at the same time not to hold too close to furnaces or central heating batteries.


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