Ornamental plants - the most accessible ornament of dwelling. Their varied in form both to colour leaves and flowers unusually recover an interior, bring in it special freshness and always deliver us pleasure. Besides, the indoor plants especially blossoming, not only are decorative, but have also improving value: absorbing carbonic acid and allocating oxygen, they thereby freshen air.
Indoor plants demand certain conditions for the development. The success of room floriculture first of all depends on a correct choice of the plants corresponding on the natural properties, room conditions. It can be plants of tropical, subtropical, deserted and semidesertic areas, mainly evergreen, and from listopadnyh such which have a summer or aestivo-autumnal dormant period and blossom in the winter.
Requirements of various plants to surrounding conditions neodinakovy. So, for example, one demand a lot of heat (the majority of tropical plants), others - less (subtropical); some are reconciled with small quantity of light (tenevynoslivye), and many to it are exacting (photophilous plants). For warm premises it is possible to recommend an agave, amarillis, antury, balzaminy, metallovidnuju a begonia, villareziju, room grapes, fragrant dratsenu, kliviju, krinum, kurguligu, ferns, tradeskantsiju, etc. For cool - an azalea, an araucaria, a royal begonia, geraniums, a hydrangea, grizoliniju, padub, a fig, a camellia, the Chinese rose, a cypress, kriptomeriju, laurels/lavrovishnju, orljak, smolosemjannik, roses, the western thuja, fuktsiju, a cyclamen, citrus, etc. Plants of this group it is possible to grow up a privet, a fern in warm rooms, giving them during winter time a place only on the window sills which do not have from below heating. Variety of plants can be contained with identical success both in hothouses, and in cool premises: alokaziju, an aloe, araliju, a gold tree, cactuses, bulbous vygonochnye, olive, to a myrtle, an oleander, ofiopogon, palm trees (date, coconut, kentin and others, except for very thermophilic), a rose tree, sanseveru, a rubber plant, a philodendron, beresklet, etc.
The Majority of plants are photophilous. In the shaded places grow alokazija, pljumazhnaja an asparagus, araukagrija, zelenolistnoe a gold tree, paduja, kentin, laurels, lavrovishnja, a myrtle, ferns, adiant, kochedyzhnik, nefrolepis and orljak, smolosemjannik, an ivy, sansevera, a yew, a thuja, a date palm tree, hamerops low and fan, chlenistolistnyj a cactus. From the listed plants especial tenevynoslivostju the asparagus, a gold tree, noble laurels, ferns, an ivy and a yew differ alokazija, pljumazhnaja.
The Condition of air of rooms is not indifferent for the maintenance of plants. Pure air of well aired premises is useful to the majority of plants.
Got plants should be well implanted, healthy, not amazed wreckers and illnesses. Besides, it is necessary to get the plants which have stopped in growth, and not so big.
At placing of plants in rooms it is necessary to consider all told about selection of plants for various room conditions. Photophilous plants place on window sills or near to windows, less photophilous - on distance to 2 - 3м from them, most tenevynoslivye - in the shined corners. Ampelnye (overhanging) plants suspend at windows, is whenever possible closer to glass, but not closely, and on the arms strengthened in a wall near to a window.
Grassy blossoming plants are especially exacting to light, therefore they should take away places on window sills. Cactuses and photophilous deciduous plants also should be put on window sills or near to windows.
At placing of plants in a room it is necessary to consider their is decorative-art value, an originality. Twisted look well in wall vases, small blossoming - in pots at windows.
On stone window sills pots with plants establish on specially arranged wooden or wire supports (lattice) as at direct contact of pots with such window sills the root system of a plant during winter time will overcool, and to overheat in the summer. The plant should not be put closely to glasses as leaves adjoining to them during spring-and-summer time can get solar burns, and in the autumn and will rot from an excessive moisture in the winter and to freeze slightly from a cold. With plant windows place on any little tables, supports, hills and other adaptations. High plants, mainly kadochnye (palm trees, rubber plants, filodendrony, etc.) establish laurels on low benches or on trellised supports. On plant hills place depending on their insistence to light and taking into account their architecturally-decorative features.
For twisted plants produce various support (three-leaved mirrors) on which trellised party of a plant rise upwards, being twisted or clinging to wooden laths. Three-leaved mirrors establish at the shined walls, near to windows or is direct at window sills. The most widespread twisted plants - tsebrina (has leaves with a silvery strip from above and purple-red from below, with pink colours), tradeskantsija (with reddish stalks, leaves of various shades and white tsvetkami), a hand bell (with tsvetkami white or dark blue colour), a begonia (with tsvetkami various colour), asparagus (with white and red berries). These plants with beautifully hanging down or twisted stalks perfectly look in a modern interior. Will decorate its and gentle African violets blossoming amarilisy.
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