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Gathering of mushrooms (a part 2)

  • Edible fungi. the Cep, or borovik, - the most valuable mushroom, very tasty, fragrant and nutritious. It is possible to cook, dry and pickle it. Boroviki appear in a small amount in May, in August and September - it is a lot of. At borovika the big fleshy brown hat and the thick blown up white leg. Grows under pines, birches, oaks.

    Russulas meet several tens kinds. Poisonous russulas a little than differ from the edible. Them learn to caustic taste. Very tasty consider a red russula. It is possible to eat this mushroom in a crude kind in salads. It is suitable for a pickles and pickling. At a red russula the brown, red or yellowish hat which edges are raised upwards. A leg short, white, with pink strips. Grows in deciduous and coniferous woods.

    The russula green Is extended also. This mushroom is unsuitable for processing, is it it is possible in a crude kind in any salads. Appears in the deciduous and mixed woods during the period from June till October. At a green russula a round greenish hat on a thick leg.

    The Russula yellow appears in a considerable quantity in the autumn. It is suitable for pickling and suppression. At yellow russulas yellowish-green wide hats and the low bent leg. They grow on sandy soil, in pine woods.

    The poisonous mushroom of colour of sulphur is very similar to a yellow russula. However it is easy for distinguishing on the unpleasant smell reminding a smell of carbide.

    The Mossiness mushroom grows from June to half of October. It is by the form very similar on borovik. At it a dark brown hat (is more dark, than at borovika), a light brown and thick leg. In the pressed down places quickly there are dark green stains.

    The mossiness mushroom Grows in deciduous and coniferous woods, is near expensive also tracks, and also on fields. Mossiness mushrooms are very tasty, suitable for drying, but grow in a small amount.

    The Birch mushroom - very widespread tasty mushroom. It is suitable for pickling. Dried birch mushrooms get ugly dark colour and consequently wrongly are considered as mushrooms of the worst grade. Grow much from June till October.

    At a birch mushroom a soft big brown hat, from below grey-white colour. A leg high white with dark specks. Grows in coniferous and deciduous woods, it is frequent under birches.

    Masljata very widespread mushrooms. Suit only the immediate use. At the wide brown hat, from below the yellowish butter. A leg white, low, and round a hat not fragmentary circle. In rainy weather masljata become slippery, become covered by slime; in dry weather on them smooth and brilliant hats. The thin skin from them easily acts in film.

    Masljata grow in pine woods from July till October.

    Openki - very nutritious and tasty. Are suitable for pickling. Appear in many autumn. Collect them from half of September to half of November.

    Field mushrooms suit consumption in a fresh kind and for any processing. Field mushrooms grow on pastures and meadows, under fences and at roads from June till October. Perfectly grow in artificial conditions. Grow up them on the beds plentifully dunged by horse manure. Field mushrooms fructify all year.

    At a field mushroom a white hat. From below has otorochki which change colour: at first they white, then pink, and at old mushrooms - black.

    Collecting wildly growing field mushrooms, it is necessary to check up each mushroom as a strong likeness with it very poisonous young mushrooms have fly agarics.

    Morels are spring mushrooms. Grow from April till June, when there is no other mushrooms. Them often confuse to poisonous truffles which also grow in the spring. At truffles an oblong hat, fragile and fragile pulp. Morels are similar to a brown ball with a folded surface on a short white leg.

    Fresh morels should be scalded before preparation by boiled water and to filter, as they contain poisonous gelvellovuju acid which is dissolved in hot water. The morels intended for drying, it is not necessary to scald, as during drying they lose the poisonous properties.

    The Saffron milk cap - exclusively tasty and nutritious mushroom. Suits processing, in particular, for pickling and a pickles. It is not necessary for drying.

    Saffron milk caps differ bright orange colour, hats at them wide, raised upwards, with slightly bent edges.

    Appear in July, sometimes earlier and happen till October. Usually grow under pines and fur-trees.

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