We deliberately alternate a statement of materials on gardening to vegetable growing as, planning an orchard, with a view of more rational use of the earth it is impossible to forget about a kitchen garden.
For many kinds of vegetable cultures the shaded sites near fences, walls of arbours and other places where it is impossible to place long-term trees or bushes jagodnikov approach.
Besides in the first years between landings of young trees the free area is formed a lot of. It is expedient to occupy it under vegetables.
With what to begin?
From drawings and serious meditations, but at all with perekopki the earths a shovel.
One of the basic conditions of successful truck farming is a correct placing and alternation of cultures. Therefore attentively examine a site, draw its plan for a paper in which provide placing of beds, remembering thus that it is not necessary to land culture of the same family of vegetables nearby and one after another earlier than through 2 - 4 years as they are surprised the same illnesses and wreckers.
That not to commit errors in such important issue as kitchen garden cultivation, we advise to take into consideration recommendations of experts.
Extended plants concern eleven botanical families:
- paslenovye - tomatoes, pepper, eggplants, fezalis, a potato;
- pumpkin - cucumbers, pumpkins, melons, water-melons, vegetable marrows, bush pumpkins;
- umbellate - carrots, parsley, pasternak, a celery; fennel, ljubistok, an anise, a coriander, caraway seeds;
- krestotsvetnye - cabbage, a swede, a garden radish, a radish, turnip, a horse-radish, sheet mustard, katran, raps, kress-salad;
- bean - peas, a string bean, beans, lentil, a soya, a peanut;
- lilejnye - an onions, garlic, an asparagus;
- marevye - a beet, spinach, lebeda garden;
- grechishnye - a rhubarb, shchavel;
- slozhnotsvetovye - salad, an artichoke, chicory, a tarragon;
- cereals - a sweet corn;
- gubotsvetnye - a balm lemon, majoran, a basil, mint peppery, a thyme, rosemary.
To receive a good harvest and to avoid illnesses of plants it is necessary to grow up vegetable cultures on predecessors.
So, for example, the cabbage well grows after a potato, cucumbers, an onions, peas. The admissible predecessor - tomatoes.
At tomatoes, pepper, an eggplant - direct predecessors cucumbers, onions, bean. The cabbage is admissible also.
The Best predecessors of cucumbers are peas, corn, bean. The potato and tomatoes are admissible.
The Onions give a good harvest after a potato, tomatoes, peas, cucumbers, and also cabbage and corn.
The Table beet and carrots should be grown up after cucumbers, a potato, cabbage, vegetable marrows. Tomatoes, onions are considered as admissible predecessors.
The Early potato needs to be put on such predecessors, as cabbage, cucumbers, onions, bean, root crops, corn.
One more valuable advice: if you have a possibility to fertilise a kitchen garden manure, remember that on a site, where it was brought in the autumn (in the first year) to grow up cabbage versions, except Bruxelles and kolrabi, cucumbers, salad and other cultures which production is the vegetative weight better. Carrots, a celery, a beet a horse-radish, tomatoes and onions should be placed a dining room, a garden radish, a radish on this site for the second year, and a string bean and peas - on the third.